Titanium dioxide nanoparticles can induce apoptosis in cancer cells

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Research Center for Cancer Epidemiology and Screening, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran and Infectious Diseases Research Center, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Personalized Medicine Research Center of AmitisGen, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/pmj.2020.240047

Abstract

Nanotechnology involves the creation and manipulation of materials at nanoscale to create products that exhibit novel properties. Nano-TiO2, as one of the top five nanoparticles in annual production, is widely applied in industries ranging from healthcare to drug delivery. The properties of nanoTiO2 have raised concerns regarding toxicity. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining and a flow cytometer were used to detect apoptosis. A significant increase in apoptosis was observed at concentrations of TiO2-NP of 50-100 µg/ml, varying between 25-40% apoptosis by 24 h. To further investigate the aptotic and toxic effects of these substances, it is recommended that this study be performed in the in vivo phase.

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