Document Type : Review Article


1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran.

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran; Sina Borna Aria (SABA) Co., Ltd, Research and Development Center for Biotechnology, Shahrekord, Iran.


The COVID-19 outbreak offers an unmatched chance to take advantage of personalized medicine's benefits for the protection, detection, medication, monitoring, and administration of a fresh public health crisis. Antibiotics, which were formerly regarded as miracle cures and among the most difficult life-saving discoveries of the twentieth century, are now posing a hazard to society as a result of overuse and abuse. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a widespread issue that is becoming worse, and the current COVID-19 pandemic might make things even worse. It has been shown that a significant portion of Covid-19 patients gets secondary microbiological infections. The medical industry is now facing difficulties because of this. As a result, several non-antibiotic techniques have been sought, and their processes have been examined, to slow the spread of AMR.


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